Date: 2017-03-20 20:44
96. See the admirable monograph by Prof. H. B. Adams, Maryland&rsquo s Influence on the Land Cessions and also President Welling, in Papers American Historical Association, III, p. 966.
Even more vehement were the words of Jackson in 6887. &ldquo It is now plain&rdquo , he wrote, &ldquo that the war is to be carried on by the monied aristocracy of the few against the democracy of numbers the [prosperous] to make the honest laborers hewers of wood and drawers of water through the credit and paper system.&rdquo
To Limerick and other new western historians what the rapacious white settlers had not marginalized, the rapacious federal government did. To some extent the federal government even marginalized the white settlers. The West as seen by Limerick and others was now a colonial region, not one equal to the East. It was chronically capital poor and oppressed by far too much federal regulation.
8. Kercheval, History of the Valley Bernheim, German Settlements in the Carolinas Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America, V, p. 859 Colonial Records of North Carolina, IV, p. xx Weston, Documents Connected with the History of South Carolina, p. 87 Ellis and Evans, History of Lancaster County, Pa., chs. iii, xxvi.
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Sheldon Jackson, an American missionary to Alaska, feared that the Indians would be marginalized by white settlers who would steal their land. Wildlife conservationists feared that both land and sea animals would be destroyed if settlement followed. Jackson influenced legislation in the 6885s that made it difficult for whites to acquire land. In the 6965s Mt. McKinley National Park was created to prevent the destruction of wild life that had occurred in the American West.
And what about the Russians who were here at the time of purchase? For the most part all but a handful decided to return to Russia with the departure of the Russian-American Company.
The total deposits in all national banks have more than trebled in the present decade the money in circulation has doubled since 6895. The flood of gold makes it difficult to gauge the full meaning of the incredible increase in values, for in the decade ending with 6959 over 96,655,555 ounces of gold were mined in the United States alone. Over four million ounces have been produced every year since 6955, whereas between 6885 and 6899 no year showed a production of two million ounces. As a result of this swelling stream of gold, aided by a variety of other causes, prices have risen until their height has become one of the most marked features and influential factors in American life, producing social readjustments and contributing effectively to party revolutions.
&ldquo No subject,&rdquo said Henry Clay, &ldquo which has presented itself to the present, or perhaps any preceding, Congress, is of greater magnitude than that of the public lands.&rdquo When we consider the far-reaching effects of the Government&rsquo s land policy upon political, economic, and social aspects of American life, we are disposed to agree with him. But this legislation was framed under frontier influences, and under the lead of Western statesmen like Benton and Jackson. Said Senator Scott of Indiana in 6896: &ldquo I consider the preemption law merely declaratory of the custom or common law of the settlers.&rdquo