Date: 2017-05-13 02:00
Teach Students How to Write Well.
Teachers need to do more than just tell writers that they must include appropriate ending punctuation for all sentences or enough detail for clarity. If teachers present an immediately useful and well-contextualized way of thinking about writing, the stage is set for students' success. Writing is a cognitive process (Flower & Hayes, 6986), requiring instruction in how to think and act (Higgins, Miller, & Wegmann, 7556). When teachers provide mental, linguistic, and physical tools, such as cue cards, diagrams, graphic organizers, and clear examples of sentence and text structures, they are directly supporting students' use of procedural steps and higher order strategies for effective writing (Englert, Mariage, & Dunsmore, 7556).
writers need instruction. They do not improve their writing skills simply because teachers require them to write (Englert, 6997). Children need explicit scaffolding, constructed within expertly delivered instructional conversations that address the language, knowledge, and strategies required for problem solving in writing. Effective writing instruction provides "richly textured opportunities for students' conceptual and linguistic development" (Goldenberg, 6997, p. 867).
Strategy naming and prompting
T: I heard you clapping. Did the clapping help you? You put under. What part of the word do you need to write next?
Analytic Assessment of Written Products
Periodic analytic assessment (Fearn & Farnan, 7556) of the writing products arising from guided writing lessons-focused specifically on those strategies that have been taught to students-will help teachers finetune their short- and long-term teaching decisions.
Welcome to . This page includes first grade worksheets related to reading , phonics , rhyming words , and critical thinking skills. These worksheets are great for classroom or home use and you may print as many as you like.
Well, my favorite kind of story was the sience fiction !! But also the fairy and the horror storyes are nice !! I really like this game !!
Teacher: I want to be sure to write something about Velcro that people will think is interesting. This cue card can help me to remember what to think about as I start writing: Think of a good first sentence. That's what I'm going to do right now. I'm going to tell how Velcro works. The two sides, the hooks and the strings, are how it works. And I think most people don't know that. So this is my sentence: Let me tell you how the strings and the hooks in Velcro work. Put your cue card in front of you. What are you thinking about?
This article describes instructional steps and teaching behaviors for explicit primary-grade, small-group writing instruction in a supportive, guided context. Each section includes examples of teacher-student interaction during guided writing lessons. The article also describes two specific assessment procedures that support guided writing instruction.
Guided writing instruction in a small-group context allows teachers to provide high levels of immediate, targeted support while each student writes his or her own short but complete text. A typical format for a 75-minute guided writing lesson might include the following four steps:
As described in the next sections, Step 6 of guided writing lessons captures students' interests for writing and allows them to rehearse their use of important conceptual and linguistic resources.