Date: 2017-04-14 22:00
Some site designs have what is sometimes referred to as "fat footers" — footers that contain a lot of material, including images, links to other articles, links to pages for sending feedback, special offers. in some ways, a whole "front page" in the footer.
The original purpose of requiring apportionment for direct federal taxes appears to have been to benefit Southern states. Specifically, the apportionment requirement was primarily designed to render impracticable federal head taxes on slaves and federal taxes on land, both major sources of wealth in eighteenth century America. Without the requirement of apportionment by state population, the burden of both kinds of federal taxes would have fallen most heavily on the South, because it possessed disproportionately more wealth in land and slaves than did the North. By contrast, apportioning any such tax by state population would have fallen most heavily on the North, because it was home to the most populous states.
The third and final Clause, known as the Presentment of Resolutions Clause, concerns the presentment of orders, resolutions, and any issues other than bills. The Presentment of Resolutions Clause was appended at the behest of James Madison, who foresaw the possibility that Congress might circumvent the presentment process by fashioning a bill as a &ldquo resolution&rdquo or &ldquo order.&rdquo To avoid that circumvention, the Clause says that any issue requiring the concurrence of the House and the Senate whatever that issue happens to be called must be presented to the President. A congressional declaration of war, for example, comes in the form of a joint resolution. Although it is not denominated a &ldquo bill,&rdquo it must be submitted for presidential approval.
How should the Constitution apply to a country that is very different from the one in which the Framers lived?
The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
Though the substance of Article I, Section 7 was among the most controversial subjects at the Constitutional Convention, for many years thereafter it was among the least controversial parts of the Constitution.
If the current section has no heading, create an implied heading and let that be the heading for the current section.
Let current outline target be null. (It holds the element whose outline is being created.)
American citizens held by the United States have the right to seek the writ of habeas corpus whether they are held at home or abroad.
Courts have crafted rules to determine when a tax falls on &ldquo articles exported.&rdquo An income tax of general application isn&rsquo t covered, even insofar as it reaches income from exports. A tax on goods at the pre-export stage is also permitted, but once goods enter a stream of commerce leading to exportation, the Clause kicks in. A tax on windfall profits from mineral extraction would be permissible, for example, even though some extracted minerals might ultimately be exported. Once headed for export, however, minerals couldn&rsquo t be taxed.